as "Green Bursa", this province stands
on the lower slopes of Uludag (Mount Olympos
of Mysia, 2543 m). The title "Green" of Bursa comes from its
gardens and parks, and of course from its being in the middle of an important
fruit growing region. In Bursa there are things you should not miss. First
of all you are in the homeland of the delicious "Iskender
Kebap". The candied
chestnuts are a specialty and have an unforgettable taste.
The peaches of Bursa are unique. As for something to purchase; Bursa is
a center of the silk trade and towel
manufacturing. It is also the homeland of the very famous
Turkish folklore figures, Karagoz and Hacivat.
Because of its being the first Ottoman capital, Bursa is
very rich in religious monuments, mosques, and tombs (turbes), baths. One of the places to
be seen in Bursa is the Yesil Mosque (Green Mosque), with its
carved marble doorway which is one of the best in Anatolia. It is an elaborate and
significant building in the new Turkish style. Just opposite, is the Yesil
Tomb "Green Tomb", set in a green garden with an enchanting
exterior decorated with turquoise tiles. Near the tomb, the Medresse complements the
others and makes this the "green" trio, now it houses the Ethnographical
Museum which certainly deserves visiting. The Yildirim Beyazit
Mosque is important as it is the first one built in the new Ottoman style
and is accompanied by the Emir Sultan Mosque which lies in a
peaceful setting. The province is decorated with these monuments-each of which is a
masterpiece. Here are the Ulu Mosque built in the Seljuk style,
with impressive calligraphic wall decorations; the Orhan Gazi Mosque;
the "Hisar" an attractive part of the province, and in the park the Mausoleums
of Osman, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, and his son Orhan Gazi. The Muradiye Complex
has a delightful view with its mosque and tombs of important characters from the Ottoman
era and their tiles and charming decorations appeal to the sightseers. The Ottoman Museum
offers a lively exhibit of the traditional life style of Ottomans.
Something you will enjoy in Bursa are the warm,
mineral-rich springs; indeed most of the hotels in this province have thermal bath
facilities. The Turkish baths "hamam" are great places
which should be visited in Bursa. The Eski Kaplica (Old Spring) is the oldest in the
province. The Karamustafa Pasha Baths are famous, and boast the best hot, mineral waters.
As for souvenirs, you should visit the Covered
Bazaar, "Bedesten", or the Koza Han-an
attractive building and also a center of silk trade. It is certain that Bursa will take
some of time for you to see and add some more delightful experiences to your memories.
Uludag is the largest
and most celebrated winter-sports center in Turkey. It is 36 kms from Bursa
and easily accessible by car or cable-car (teleferik). The area is also a national park
and is worth a visit at any time of the year. The accommodation is high quality offering
the opportunity to enjoy, with a variety of entertainment and sports activities.
Mudanya is a seaside resort town
from fine fish restaurants and night-clubs there so you can have a pleasant
Zeytinbagi (Trilye) is a town of
typical Turkish architecture and lay out. There are sea bus and ferry connections with
Gemlik (27 km north), is another
seaside resort with a wide, sandy beach.
Iznik (Nicaea) lies 85 kms
northeast of Bursa, at the eastern tip of Lake knik. The town has witnessed many
civilizations which have left their marks all over the land. This town is famous for its unique
tiles and has been the center of tile production in the 16th century. Iznik
tiles were the basic decorative element of Seljuk and Ottoman architecture. The
turquoise-tiled Yesil Mosque and Nilufer Hatun imareti are among the Islamic works in the
Bursa's silk industry has a long heritage; the city was a
centre of silk trade in the 15th century and by the 17th century was famous in Europe and
Asia for its silk textiles, which are still produced. Other industries include cotton and
woolen textiles, canned foods and dairy products, and machinery.